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There is an urgent need to invest more in children as a fundamental solution to end child poverty and inequality. Currently, three out of every four children are affected by multi-dimensional poverty. The call was made by senior government officials from Africa and China, international experts and representatives from international organizations and development agencies at the 10th Forum of China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) conference in Kampala. The theme of the conference was “child poverty at the FOCAC sub-forum to enhance South-South Cooperation for children.” UNICEF representative to China, Ms Cynthia McCaffrey said china’s contribution to the global poverty reduction efforts is significant with the number of people living in poverty in rural areas of China decreasing drastically from 55 million to 16 million. “While we are supporting China in their ‘last mile’ to eradicate extreme poverty and to build the human capital it needs for the decades ahead, we are also facilitating the sharing of knowledge and practices on ending child poverty between China and other developing countries through South-South cooperation.” She said. She says there is also a need to plan for the fast-growing population of children born in Africa. “Between today and 2050, almost 1.6 billion babies will be born in Africa. By 2058, Africa will be home to one billion children and more than 40 per cent of the world’s children. Africa’s burgeoning population presents an unprecedented opportunity and several challenges” Ms Cynthia McCaffrey revealed. Speaking at the same conference, the Deputy Director-General from the International Poverty Reduction Center in China, Ms Zhang Guangping said reducing child poverty, and promoting their healthy growth and all-round development, is an important way not only to break the intergenerational cycle of poverty, but also to implement the long-term poverty alleviation strategy, achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Delegates at the conference also discussed the importance of understanding, measuring and monitoring both income and the multi-dimensional deprivation faced by children. They believe this will help to identify cost-effective solutions – that focus on the child and to ensure that governments and development partners are on the right track, delivering on national priorities and the SDGs.