Early childhood care and education (ECCE) has been identified as a key strategy for the realization of children's rights. ECCE is included in the SDGs with target 4.2 stating that by 2030, countries should ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality childhood education.
The indicator is the percentage of children 36-59 months receiving at least one year of quality pre-primary education. At country level, the Ugandan National Development Plan II and Vision 2040 also highlights the need to expand the provision of pre-primary education as a basis for human capital development.
The SDGs set on ECCE and the Vision 2040 give new urgency for interventions to enable the ministry of Education and Sports enhance equitable access to ECD services for all children.
Currently, the 2007 ECD policy and education act 13 of 2008 have placed responsibility of ECD service provision with the private sector which has negatively impacted Uganda's level of access to pre-school by the poor , led to underage enrollment that have contributed to the high repetition rate.
The NDP II mandates the expansion of community based ECD centers and proposes attaching the centers to primary schools which has not happened. In rural areas, non-governmental organizations in the field of children have established centers with Plan international localizing the ECD tool kit that is made from local materials and women taught to make it.